A goal is the “end result or achievement in which effort is directed” (www.positivethinking.toobox.com)
It can also be defined as “a desired result an animal or a person or a system envisions, plans and commits to achieve- a personal or organizational desired end-point in some sort of assumed development” (http://en.m.wikipidia.org/wiki/goal).
A goal in my view after comparing the above terms and many more references revealed that a goal must have the following and many other features. A goal must be;
- Directed towards a dream: A goal cannot exist independent of a vision or a purpose or a dream. A dream is just a fantasy or a desired end. Goals are steps taken to reach that fantasized end.
- Designed with a deadline: Every goal must have a time to “die”; thus a time to be accomplished. This deadline is the main reason why “Time bound” is found in the SMART tool used for constructing goal.
- Divided into two main types; short term and long term goals: Short term goals are those set to be completed with a short time, for instance within less than one year. Long term goals are those set to be completed within a long time interval, for instance more the three years.
The following words have been researched and accepted to represent the ideologies behind the term ‘goal setting’; “objectives, aims, intensions, deadline, purpose, strategies, vision, planning, preparation and dreams”.
Without a goal, a person will either remain a dreamer till he dies or he will attempt to fulfill a purpose in an unplanned way which may equally yield what happens to the former.